Simulation-based Medical Education (SBME) SIG

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SIG Description

Simulation-based Medical Education (SBME) is a training method in which learners practice tasks and processes using models or virtual reality, with feedback in order to improve skills. SBME allows individuals to review and practice procedures and skills as often as required to reach proficiency without harming patients. The use of SBME has been referred to as an 'ethical imperative.' The APA SIG on SBME defines SBME to encompass a wide range of training methodologies including: standardized patients, task trainers, mannequins/patient simulators and computer-based/virtual reality simulation. In recent years there has been a surge of interest and research in the use of SBME in pediatrics. The APA SIG on SBME is proposed to promulgate the use of SBME within the academic pediatric community and to improve the quality of SBME in pediatrics.

Mission and Vision

The APA SIG on SBME will be a forum for pediatric educators with an interest in the use of simulation to facilitate teaching and learning. With support from the APA this SIG will provide an opportunity for APA members to network, share ideas, resources, and experiences in the development and use of simulation in pediatric medical education. The SIG will enable members to keep up to date with national simulation initiatives and potential funding opportunities as well as provide support, help, and advice on the effective design, development and evaluation of SBME initiatives. Annual meetings will take place at the PAS annual conference, and on-demand meetings will be conducted via teleconference.


The goals of the APA SIG on Simulation-based Medical Education will be to:

  • Provide expertise and training to pediatric educators on effective design, development and evaluation of simulation-based medical education initiatives.
  • Educate APA members and other pediatric educators on the use and benefits of simulation-based learning through conference workshops and meetings.
  • Encourage pediatric educators to take advantage of the benefits of simulation-based training.
  • Establish a sustainable and expanding network of pediatric simulation educators to share knowledge and experience and showcase innovative practices and developments in pediatric simulation.
  • Share the latest developments in medical simulation technologies and ideas on the APA Simulation-based Medical Education SIG listserv.
  • Contribute educational content on medical simulation to the APA Educational Guidelines for Pediatric Residency website.
  • Establish best practice standards for the development of pediatric simulation-based training curricula and encourage research to examine the effectiveness of Simulation-based Medical Education.
  • Keep abreast of current simulation programs and review national and international developments in simulation-based medical education.

Want to get involved with medical simulation? Join a simulation society:

Society for Simulation in Healthcare (SSiH)

International Pediatric Simulation Society (IPSS)

Want to get involved with pediatric simulation research? Join a research collaborative:

Want to get involved with pediatric simulation research? Join a research collaborative:
International Network for Simulation-based Pediatric Innovation, Research, and Education (INSPIRE)

Annual Report

SIG Name: Simulation-Based Medical Education

Co-chairs: Outgoing chairs: Cara Doughty, Heather French
Incoming chairs: Megan Gray, Christie Bruno

SIG purpose/mission: The APA SIG on SBME is a forum for pediatric educators with an interest in the use of simulation to facilitate teaching and learning. The SIG provides an opportunity for APA members to network, share ideas, resources, and experiences in the development and use of simulation in pediatric medical education.

Current SIG goals:
1. Increase SIG membership
2. Improve networking opportunities, increase research collaborations, create a depository for shared resourses

Annual summary:
This year’s meeting topic was “Simulation for Patient Safety and Systems-Based Testing.” We had a great meeting with excellent speakers.

8:30-8:40 - Introductions
8:40-9:00 - IPSS, INSPIRE, AAP Simulation Section, IMSH Peds Updates
9:00-9:15 - Top Pediatric Simulation Articles of May 2016-April 2017 (Cara Doughty, Heather French)
9:15-9:35 - Top 10 Pitfalls Made By Simulation Instructors (Joe Lopreiato)
9:35-9:55 - Focusing your simulation program on patient safety (Kiran Hebbar)
9:55-10:15 - IPASS project and simulation testing (Sharon Calaman)
10:15-10:35 - Adherence to algorithms: IMPACT (Bobbi Byrne, Barb Walsh, Kamal Abulebda)
10:35-10:55 - Training for mass casualty (Pavan Zaveri)
10:55-11:15 - Systems testing at Seattle Children’s Hospital (Taylor Sawyer)
11:15-11:30 - Questions and networking

Topic 10 pediatric simulation articles of the year (May 2016-April 2017) - in alphabetical order

  1. Abraham et al. Emergency Information Forms for Children With Medical Complexity: A Simulation Study. Pediatrics. 2016 Aug; 138(2).
  2. Auerbach et al. Differences in the Quality of Pediatric Resuscitative Care Across a Spectrum of Emergency Departments. JAMA Pediatr. 2016 Oct 1;170(10):987-994.
  3. Braun C et al. Can Residents Assess Other Providers’ Infant Lumbar Puncture Skills? Pediatr Emer Care 2017;33: 80–85.
  4. Chan J et al. The neonatal resuscitation algorithm organized cart is more efficient than the airway-breathing-circulation organized drawer: a crossover randomized control trial. Eur J Emerg Med. 2016 Aug; 23(4):258-262.
  5. Cheng et al. Reporting Guidelines for Health Care Simulation Research: Extensions to the CONSORT and STROBE Statements. Simul Healthc. 2016 Aug; 11(4):238-48.
  6. Cheng et al. The effect of step stool use and provider height on CPR quality during pediatric cardiac arrest: A simulation-based multicenter study. CJEM, 2017.
  7. Cicero MX et al. Pediatric Disaster Triage: Multiple Simulation Curriculum Improves Prehospital Care Providers’ Assessment Skills. Prehospital Emergency Care 2017, 21(2):201-208.
  8. Gangadharan S et al. A Grounded Theory Qualitative Analysis of Interprofessional Providers' Perceptions on Caring for Critically Ill Infants and Children in Pediatric and General Emergency Departments. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2016 Oct 4
  9. Real FJ et al. A Virtual Reality Curriculum for Pediatric Residents Decreases Rates of Influenza Vaccine Refusal. Academic Pediatrics, 2017; e-pub.
  10. Riskin A et al. Rudeness and Medical Team Performance. Pediatrics, 2017; 139(2):e20162305.


Other groups (other SIGs and other groups not in the APA) that work in your area of interest: Pediatric Section of Society for Simulation in Healthcare, International Pediatric Simulation Society, AAP Section on Simulation and Innovative Learning Methods (SILM)

October 2017 SBME Newsletter

Thank you to those who responded to the recent needs assessment survey that was circulated through the SBME list serve. With the survey, we were soliciting input and suggestions as we plan for the APA SBME SIG meeting at PAS. Please feel free to contact us directly if you have specific suggestions for meeting content.

As part of the SIG meeting at PAS, we would like to present an award for a deserving fellow for either significant work in simulation-based medical education and/or research in simulation-based medical education. As we are working towards finalizing our meeting agenda with a likely theme of "Disaster Preparedness Simulation" with a focus on data planning and analysis, fellows completing work in this area will be prioritized for the award. However, we welcome a variety of nominations.

We are pleased that the Pediatric Simulation Community continues to grow. For more information about upcoming simulation conferences and networking opportunities, please visit the following websites.

Society for Simulation in Healthcare: Pediatric Section

International Pediatric Simulation Society-

INSPIRE- International Network for Simulation Innovations Pediatric Research Education

Association of Pediatric Program Directors Healthcare Simulation Pediatric Education Group
Thank you.

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Previous Newsletters

Current SIG Co-Chairs:

Christie Bruno, DO
59 Riverview Road
Glastonbury, CT 06033
Phone: (631) 948-6079

Megan Gray, MD
Mail stop FA.2.113
Seattle, WA 98105
Phone: (206) 919-5476



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